Safety: safety is the primary concern when caring for clients. For all healthcare institutions, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) suggests following its Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS).
Biologic agents harmful to an individual's health. OSHA classifies materials in the work environment according to degree of health hazard. See OSHA for guidelines on handling and disposal of hazardous materials.
Immunization: raises host resistance, defenses, and immunity
any form of immunity that is not innate
obtained during life
natural or artificial
naturally acquired immunity is obtained by
the development of antibodies resulting from an attack of infectious disease
the transmission of antibodies from the mother through the placenta to the fetus or to the infant through the colostrum
artificially acquired immunity is obtained by
injection of an antiserum, also called an immune globulin such as a hepatitis immune globulin
thought to be induced by passive or active (vaccine) means
passive immunity, a form of acquired immunity, results from antibodies that are transmitted naturally through
the placenta to the fetus
or the colostrum to an infant OR
artificially by injection of antiserum (immune globulin) for treatment of prophylaxis
passive immunity is not permanent and does not last as long as active immunity
Active immunity: body produces its own antibodies
Passive immunity: produced by injection of serum that contains antibodies formed by another host
Immunizations - for immunization tables please click on the links below
Safety is the primary concern when caring for clients.Falls are the most frequent cause of injury for elderly clients in acute care.
Know the institution's plan for fire drills and evacuation.
Know the emergency phone number for reporting fire.
Know locations of all fire alarms, exits, and extinguishers.
ARCE:Activate fire alarm, Rescue clients, Contain fire by closing doors and windows, Extinguish flames with an appropriate fire extinguisher In a fire, never use an elevator - use stairs in emergency exit Turn off all oxygen supplies in the area of the fire.
In a fire, close all doors and windows.
In a power failure, only certain electrical outlets access the emergency generators. Know which ones they are.
Know your agency's policy for cleaning up a biohazardous spill.
Safety devices are used only as a last resort. Use the least restrictive immobilizing device.
Never induce vomiting unless instructed to do so by a poison center or health care provider.
If you suspect someone has taken poison, take the poisonous substance with you to the emergency room.
Infection control with the use of standard precautions, transmission precautions and medical and surgical asepsis decreases the spread of infection.
The major sites for nosocomial infections are urinary and respiratory tracts, blood, and wounds.
All nosocomial infections that occur in hospitals must be tracked and recorded by risk management.
The single most effective way to prevent infection is hand washing.
Handwashing is the most effective method of preventing infection; friction is the most important variable.
Standard precautions are used for contact with all body fluids except sweat.
Standard precautions are used for all clients, and transmission precautions are used for all clients with transmittable organisms.
Special (N95) respirator masks are necessary to care for clients under airborne precautions who have tuberculosis.
Protective (neutropenic) isolation is used for clients with immunosuppression and low white blood counts.