NCLEX RN GUIDE                                                                                   the best of NCLEX

Guidelines for Using Standard Precautions

  1. Wear clean gloves when touching:

    • Blood, body fluids, secretions, excretions, and items containing these body substances

    • Mucous membranes

    • Nonintact skin

  2. Perform handwashing immediately:

    • When there is direct contact with blood, body fluids, secretions, excretions, and contaminated items

    • After removing gloves

    • Between client contacts

  3. Prevent injuries with used needles, scalpels, and other sharp devices by:

    • Never removing, recapping, bending, or breaking used needles

    • Never pointing the needle toward a body part

    • Using a one-handed 'scoop' method, special syringes with a retractable protective guard or shield for enclosing a needle, or blunt-point needles

  4. Use a private room or consult wiht an infection control professional for the care of clients who contaminate the environment, or who cannot or do not assist with appropriate hygiene or environmental cleanliness measures.